The fifth chapter of the book of Genesis is opened with the
brief repetition of the history of creating the people (and here again is used
the word "bara" — creation from nothing), as the council unity in the
multitude, on the image and after the likeness of the council unity in God-Trinity.
"In the day that God created man, in the
likeness of God made he him; Male and female created he them; and blessed them,
and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created." Then there is mentioned the number of years of life of
Adam and is said about the birth of the righteous son of Adam and Eve — Seth: "Begat
a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name Seth."
The Lord created Adam and Eve in His image, after
His likeness, and preserving this image and likeness (though harmed by the
sin), Adam gives them to his progeny. "And he begat sons and
If in the previous chapter we noted the
exceptional loving attention of the holy fathers to every word of the Bible,
then here we shall mention, to what an extent are blind the most recent and
little believing critics and researchers of the Holy Scripture.
In the book of Genesis, in the verse 4 of chapter
5 it is clearly written that Adam begat sons and daughters, and the
contemporary critics are bewildered: how does the Bible see the multiplication
of mankind, if Adam and Eve are mentioned to have only three sons? Whom did
they marry? Surely, their sisters, without falling into the criminal incest,
for such marriages at those times were caused purely by necessity, and not by perversion.
Besides, mankind was young and fresh then, and the marriages of the closest
relatives did not introduce into them the elements of degradation, which
accompany the incest relations of the later times and present days.
Through the presence of the same freshness of
forces in mankind one can explain the exceptional durability of the people of
that time. The created originally for the eternal life people of the first
human generations did not give into the unnatural for people expectations of
death for more time. Adam lived for 930 years, Methuselah, the most
long-living, 969 years.
Among the ten descendents of Adam until the Great
Flood let us focus attention on Enoch, the seventh after Adam. Enoch means
"dedication." "And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for
God took him."
Righteous Enoch is mentioned in the Book of
Sirach: "Enoch pleased God, and was translated into paradise, that he
may give repentance to the nations" (Sirach 44:15). About him says
Apostle Paul: "By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see
death; and was not found, because God had translated him (took him alive to
heaven; Hebr. 11:5). And Apostle Jude kept for us even the words of righteous
Enoch: "Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, to
execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of
all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their
hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him."
Blessed Theodorite says that the Lord freed righteous
Enoch from death, in order to already testify to ancient, primitive mankind
that "the definition of death is temporary and is subjected to
extermination." Blessed Theodorite ends his narration about Enoch with the
words, which are appropriate to be quoted: "So, we know that while alive
he was translated. And that he lives now, but where and how — it is unknown,
for the Scripture does not say about that."
With the name of righteous Enoch is connected some
church legend, about which blessed Righteous Enoch did not face death.
Meanwhile, on the Divine definition: "for dust thou art, and unto dust
shalt thou return," all people have to pass through the gates of death
and we know that even More Honorable that the Cherubim, and beyond Compare more
glorious that the Seraphim, the mother of God died to be resurrected by Her Son
and God. Only about two people the Holy Scripture says that they did not face
death: about righteous Enoch and Prophet Elijah. About the both of them one can
say with the words of bless Theodorite: "They are still living, but it is
unknown — where and how."
When in the last times the law violation will
increase, love will disappear so that faith will become weak, then there will
appear "the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before
the God of the earth" (Rev. 11:4), which will testify to the Divine
truth among rotten mankind. On the Divine plan, these two candlesticks will be
killed by Antichrist and will resurrect on the third day. The Church teaching
says that these two candlesticks, these witnesses will be St. Enoch and Elijah
— those righteous of the Old Testament, who did not face death, precisely in
order to fulfill the Divine act at the end of ages, when the spiritual forces
of mankind will weaken.
The very sermon of righteous Enoch, as blessed
Theodorite says, to the great extent has to do with the last, than with those
preceding the flood, times: "Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands
of his saints, to execute judgment upon all."
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