prophets wrote that the Messiah would have two natures: a human (Gen. 3:15, Is.
7:14, Gen. 22:18, Ps. 41:7, Dan. 7:13) and a Godly (Ps. 2; Ps., 45; Ps, 110;
Is. 9:6; Jer. 23:5; Bar. 3:36-38; Mic. 5:2; Mal. 3:1), that He would be the
greatest prophet (Deut. 18:18); king (Gen. 49:10; 2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Chron.
17:12-13; Ps. 2, Ps. 132:11, Ez. 37:24; Dan. 7:13) and High Priest (Ps. 110;
Zach. 6:12), anointed by God (the Father) for these duties (Ps. 2, Ps. 45; Is.
42; Is. 61:1-4; Dan. 9:24-27), and will be a kind Shepherd (Ez. 34:23-24,
37:24; Mic. 5:3).
The prophecies also witness that the main role of the Messiah will be to defeat
the devil and his powers (Gen. 3:15; Num. 24:17), redeem people from sin and to
heal their physical and spiritual illnesses (Ps. 40; Is. 35:5-7, 42:1-12, 50:4
and the 53rd chapter and 61:1-3; Zach. 3:8-9) and to reconcile them with God
(Gen. 49:10; Jer. 23:5 and 31:34; Ez. 36:24-27; Dan. 9:24-27; Zach. 13:1); that
He will sanctify the faithful (Zach. 6:12), will establish a New Covenant in
place of the old (Is. 42:2, 55:3 and 59:20-21; Dan. 9:24-27), and that this
covenant will be for eternity (Jer. 31:31; Is. 55:3). The prophets predicted
the calling of the Gentiles to the Kingdom of the Messiah (Ps. 72:10; Is.
11:1-11, 43:16-28, 49:6 and 65:1-3), the spreading of faith, beginning with
Jerusalem (Is. 2:2), that His spiritual blessings will extend to all humanity
(Gen. 22:18, Ps. 132:11; Is. 11:1, 42:1-12 and 54:1-5; Ez. 34:23 and 37:24; Amos
9:11-12; Ag. 2:6-7; Zeph. 3:9, Zach. 9:9-11), and the spiritual bliss of the
faithful (Is. 12:3).
The prophets also revealed many particulars regarding the coming of the
Messiah, specifically: that He will be descended from Abraham (Gen. 22:18), from
the tribe of Judah (Gen. 49:9), from the line of king David (2 Samuel 7:13; 1
Chron. 17:12-13), will be born of a Virgin (Is. 7:14) in the city of Bethlehem
(Mic. 5:2), will spread spiritual light (Is. 9:1-2), will heal the infirm (Is.
35:5-6), will suffer, be pierced, die, be buried in a new grave, then will rise
from the dead (Gen. 49:9-11; Ps. 41:7-10; Is. 50:5-7 and the 53rd chapter;
Zach. 12:10; Ps. 16:9-11), will lead souls from hell (Zach. 9:11); they even
predicted, that not everyone will recognize Him as the Messiah (Is. 6:9), but
that some would even feud with Him, though unsuccessfully (Num. 24:17; Deut.
18:18; Ps. 2; Ps. 95:6-8; Ps. 110:1-4; Is. 50:8-9 and 65:1-3). Isaiah wrote
about the meekness of the Messiah (42:1-12).
The fruits of His redemption will be spiritual renewal of the faithful and the
outpouring of the grace of the Holy Spirit on them (Is. 44:3 and 59:20-21;
Zach. ; Joel ; Eze.
36:25). They also spoke of the necessity of faith (Is. 28:16; Hab. ).
The prophets determined, that the time of His coming will coincide with the
loss of the tribe of Judah’s political independence (Gen. 49:10), that this
will occur no later than 70 “weeks” (490 years) after the decree to
restore the city of Jerusalem (Dan. 9:24-27) and no later than the destruction
of the second Temple in Jerusalem (Ag. 2:6, Mal. 3:1). The prophets predicted
that He will annihilate the antichrist (Is. 11:4), will come again in glory
(Mal. 3:1-2). The end result of His activity will be the attainment of justice,
peace and happiness (Is. 11:1-10; Jer. 23:5).
It is noteworthy to mention the multiple details which the prophets predicted
about the life of the Messiah, for example: the massacre of the infants around
Bethlehem (Jer. 31:15); about the sermons of Christ in Galilee (Is. 9:1); the
entrance into Jerusalem on a female donkey (Zach. 9:9; Gen. 49:11); about the
betrayal of Judas (Ps. 41:10; Ps. 55:14); about the 30 pieces of silver and the
purchase of the potter’s land (Zach. 11:12); about the degradation and spitting
upon (Is. 50:4-11), details of the crucifixion (22nd psalm); about the
numbering of the Messiah among the lawless and the burial in the tomb of the
rich (Is. 53); about the darkness during the crucifixion (Amos 8:9; Zach. 14:5-9);
about the repentance of the people (Zach. 12:10-13).
Also, those names which the prophets gave Him attest to the nature of the
Messiah and the greatness of His deeds, by calling Him: Lion, David, Angel of
the Covenant, Branch, God the Mighty, Emmanuel, Counselor, Leader of the world,
Everlasting Father, Conciliator, Star, Seed of a Woman, Prophet, Son of God,
King, Anointed One (Messiah), Redeemer, Deliverer, God, Lord, Servant (of God),
Righteous, Son of Man, Holy of Holies.
Prophecies about the Messianic Kingdom are: cleansing from sin (Is. 59:20-21,
Jer. 31:31-34, Eze. 36:24-27, Dan. 9:24-27, Zach. 6:12, 13:1), imparting to the
people regarding virtue and purity of heart (Jer. 31:33, Eze. 36:27), the
conclusion of the New Testament (Is. 55:3, 59:20-21, Jer. 31:31, Eze. 9:24),
abundance of blessings (Is. 35:5, 44:3, 55:3, 59:20-21, Joel 2:28-32, Zach.
12:10-13), the calling of the Gentiles (Ps. 22:28, 72:10-17, Is. 2:2, 11:1-10,
42:1-12, 43:16-28, 49:6, 54:12-14, 65:1-3, Dan. 7:13-14, Aggeus, 2:6-7), the
propagation of the Church throughout the world (Is. 42:1-12, 43:16-28,
54:12-14), steadfast and unconquerable (Is. 2:2-3, Dan. 2:44, 7:13, Zach.
9:9-11), the abolishment of evil, suffering (Num. 24:17, Is. 11:1-10), the
affirmation of joy (Is. 42:1-12, 54:12-14, 60:1-5,61:1-4), resurrection of the
flesh (Job 19:26), the abolishment of death (Is. ch 26, 42:1-12, 61:1-4, Zech.
9:9-11, Osee 13:14), knowledge of God (Is. 2:2-3, 11:1-10, Jer. 31:31-34),
triumph of truth and justice (Ps. 72:1-17, 110:1-4, Is. 9:6-7, 11:1-10, ch. 26,
Jer. 23:5), the glory of the Triumphant Church (Is. chs. 26-27), comparison of
the Messianic Kingdom to the mountain (Ps. 2, Is. 2:2-3, 11:1-10, ch. 26, Dan.