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THE ORTHODOX FAITH:
What's Orthodoxy?
Who started it?
Is it 2000 year old,
before catholicism
and protestantism?

BYZANTINE HYMNS:
Athos Monks[play]
Meteora[play]
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Addendum: Timeline of Church history

33 Pentecost - The Holy Spirit descends on the Apostles and gives birth to the Church.

33-100 Apostolic age - Rapid spread of the Church throughout the Roman Empire and beyond.

49 Apostolic Council at Jerusalem abolishes the Mosaic law. Gradually Sunday (called the Lord's Day) replaces the Sabbath as the day of worship.

45-80 Apostles Paul, Peter, James, John and Judas write their epistles. About the same time the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke are written.

64-67 Persecution of Christians in Rome under Emperor Nero. Sts. Peter and Paul become martyrs.

70 Destruction of Jerusalem, as foretold by Jesus (Matt. ch. 24).

96-98 Persecution of Christians under Emperor Domitian. Apostle John is exiled to Patmos where he writes the Book of Revelation. Later, circa 100-105 A.D., he writes his Gospel.

60-180 Several Gnostic sects appear which attempt to infiltrate Christian communities.

110 St. Ignatius Bishop of Antioch, the author of several important epistles, is () martyred at Rome.

150 St. Justin Martyr writes books in defense of the Christian faith, describes how Baptism and Liturgy were performed in his time.

202 St. Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyons, author of several books against heresies is martyred.

215-290 The rise of Christian schools in Alexandria and Antioch.

244-49 The Roman Emperor Decius persecutes Christians.

258 St. Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage, author and theologian, is martyred.

300 Christianization of Britain; 303 St. Alban is martyred.

300-305 The Emperor Diocletian vows to vanquish Christianity. Thousands of Christians, including St. George, St. Barbara, and St. Catherine are martyred.

313 Emperor Constantine ends persecution of Christians and gives them the right to freely exercise their faith.

325 The First Ecumenical Council in Nicea defends the coeternality of the Son with the Father, condemns Arius and promulgates the Creed.

326 Empress Helena finds the Cross of Jesus Christ in Jerusalem. Later she builds the Church of the Resurrection on the place of Christ's Resurrection, where each year on the

Orthodox Pascha (Easter) the Holy Fire descends.

330 Beginning and spread of monasticism in Egypt: St. Anthony and Pachomius.

343 St. Nicholas, Bishop of Myra in Lycia.

330-410 Period of the great Fathers of the Church: Sts. Athanasius, Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, Ambrose of Milan,

John Chrysostom and others.

381 The Second Ecumenical Council in Constantinople reaffirms the need to have five Patriarchates: Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem.

410 Alaric, leader of the Germanic Visigoths, takes Rome

451 The Fourth Ecumenical Council affirms apostolic doctrine of two natures in Christ.

563 The Great Church, Hagia Sofia, consecrated in Constantinople.

484 St. Sabba founds his monastery in the Judean wilderness, where later the Typicon for church services is developed.

589 A local synod of the Roman Catholic Church in Toledo, Spain, adds filioque to the Nicene Creed. This error causes division between the Eastern and the Western Churches.

630 First the Persians, then the Arabs threaten the Byzantine Empire, persecute Christians and destroy churches.

685 The spread of monasticism on Mt. Athos begins.

726 Emperor Leo the Isaurian starts his campaign against the veneration of ikons.

780 St. John Damascene the author of the Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith and of many canticles for Sundays and feast

days.

771 Arabs invade Spain.

787 The Seventh Ecumenical Council at Nicea sanctions the veneration of ikons.

864 The Prince Boris of Bulgaria is baptized. About this time Sts. Cyril and Methodius spread the Orthodox faith among Slavic

nations.

988 Prince Vladimir is baptized and begins conversion of the Rus (Russians) to Christianity.

1051 Sts. Anthony and Theodosius found their monastery near Kiev.

1054 The Great Schism between the Eastern and Western Churches begins.

1095 The Crusades, begun by the Roman Church, weaken the Eastern Orthodox churches in Palestine and Syria. Constantinople is sacked by the Crusaders in 1204, further estranging the East and the West.

1263 Russian Prince St. Alexander Nevsky, the great defender of the Orthodox faith.

1392 St. Sergius of Radonezh, famous founder of the Holy Trinity's monastery near Moscow.

1438 St. Mark of Ephesus defends the Orthodox faith at the Council of Florence.

1453 Turks overrun Constantinople; Byzantine Empire ends.

1455 Gutenberg prints the first Bible.

1517 Protestant Reformation starts with Martin Luther nailing his Ninety-Five Theses on the door of the church in Wittenberg.

1529 Church of England begins pulling away from Rome.

1794 Russian missionaries, St. Herman and others, arrive on Kodiak Island in Alaska; introduce Orthodoxy to North America.

1833 St. Seraphim of Sarov.

1879 St. Bishop Innocenty, Apostle of Alaska.

1891 St. Ambrosy, elder of Optina.

1908 St. John of Kronstadt, great Saint and miracleworker.

1911 St. Bishop Nicholas, Apostle of Japan.

1917 The revolution in Russia begins. Christians are persecuted and martyred. Emigres from Russia and Eastern European

countries spread Orthodoxy throughout the world.

1918 Bishop Tikhon of San Francisco becomes Patriarch of Russia.

1966 St. John of Shanghai and San Francisco.

1988 The millennium of the Baptism of the Rus is celebrated.

1990 Beginning of renewal of Orthodox Christianity in Russia.

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