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Neurosis — a spiritual disease.


Borderline neuro-psychological disorders, among which neurosis takes up a large percent, convincingly place first among psychological diseases. According to the World Health Organization, about 10% of the population of industrialized countries suffer from neuroses and their number has multiplied by 24 in the in the last 65 years. In Russia, 20-25 people per 1000 are ill with neuroses. These are only the recorded illnesses, and most likely can be considered only the tip of the iceberg.

Neuroses, like an epidemic, are spreading everywhere. It is known that 30 to 65% of the visitors to general practitioners are people with neurotic symptoms. A sad joke is circulating among specialists studying this pathology: instead of asking if a person suffers from neurosis, one must ask: "from which particular form of neurosis do you suffer."

The problems associated with the origin of neuroses have come under active review in the last ten years. The attitude towards this disease, as a light disturbance of the mental functions, is noticeably changing. The principle of functionality (simple reversibility) is not supported by modern clinical practice. According to published data, recovery from neuroses occurs in less than half the cases. It has been determined that only 10% of those ill recover in the first three years of the illness. Often, these sufferings last for years and even decades.

In accordance with the determination accepted in Russia, neurosis is a psychogenic (arising in the nerves), as a rule, conflictogenic (resulting from a conflict with oneself or others), neuro-mental disorder, which results from the disruption of particularly meaningful life relationships of the person. In simpler terms, neurosis develops when a person cannot find an appropriate answer to a difficult situation, solve an important psychological situation or bear some tragedy, depending on different conditions.

The symptoms of neurological failures are well known:

  • Decline in mood,
  • Irritability,
  • Sleeplessness,
  • Feeling of inner discomfort (uneasiness),
  • Lethargy,
  • Apathy,
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Obsession, aggressiveness, viciousness and so on, can appear.

All these symptoms are accompanied by general feeling of illness, uncomfortable physical sensations. The display of neuroses can generally be called a steady loss of spiritual peace. A person with a neurosis criticizes himself clearly, is burdened by his condition, but cannot do anything with himself.

In addition to this, conditions exist that clinically resemble neuroses, but develop in their own way. There are determined to be neuro-like and result from different somatic (physical) illnesses, infectious processes, arteriosclerosis of the brain’s vessels and other pathological processes. Besides this, the neuro-like clinical picture can often contain persons with a bad personality or serious defects in upbringing.

The term "neurosis" has become firmly entrenched in our life and can be unfamiliar only to an infant. Emphasis is placed on school-age and pension-age neuroses; neuroses of achievement and loneliness; somatogenic and ecological, as well as many other varieties of this illness. The so-called noogenic neuroses are connected with the loss or lack of the meaning of life in a person, conflict of values. Data shows that about every fifth neurotic occurrence has a noogenic origin; in actuality, it appears that nearly every neurosis has spiritual roots. But lets put everything in order.

The original concept of "neurosis" was suggested in 1776 by the Scottish doctor Cullen, and, since then, discussion concerning the essence of this disease, the roots of its origin and the formulative mechanisms, have not become less vital. This, of course, does not mean that neuroses did not exist before Cullen; their appearance, like the appearance of any disease, occurred as a result of man’s original sin. The description of neuroses can be found in the most ancient written sources of humanity. For example, in the papyruses of Kahun (ca. 1900 BC) and Ebers (ca. 1700 BC) there are facts about the sickly states of women, which resemble clinical hysterical neurosis.

It is difficult to find another concept in medicine that is written up by different scientific schools so often and even contradictorily. Neurotic reactions, which can occur in a person following difficult crises, conflicts, somatic illnesses or life disorders, are greatly varied. Their symptoms are reflected in a person’s personality, particularly his character — therein lies the polarity of views on this problem.

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