Do not worship God with material things and superficially,
but with a good conscience, fear, love, obedience, thanksgiving, prayer and
faith. For God is Spirit, nonmaterial, and is therefore worshipped in nothing
else but in spirit and in truth (Jn. 4:24).
Mention the name of God with all reverence, fear
and devotion, and that only when and where we ought to mention it, because the
name of God is holy and aweful, and those that mention it without reverence sin
grievously. Render, then, all reverence to the name of God as to God Himself.
You mention the name of an earthly king with respect; that is as it should be.
How much more should we mention the name of God the Heavenly King, which is
revered, beloved and sweet to angels and to the souls of the saints, with
The name of God is rightly mentioned in prayer, in
glorification, in thanksgiving, in praise, and spiritual songs and in conversations
and discourse befitting of Christians. That is when the conversation is about
the Holy Word of God, about the Law and the Gospel, about the advent of Christ
into the world, about His life on earth, His suffering and death which He
endured for our sake, about death, about the Judgement of Christ, about eternal
torment and everlasting life, and so on.
Do not mention it in other conversations without
extreme need, and if there is need to mention it, mention it with all caution
and due reverence.
Guard against mentioning the name of God in lies
and jests, lest God's judgement come upon you at that moment. "For our
God is a consuming fire" (Heb. 12:29).
Without living faith and the fear of God it is
impossible to live in a godly way. Living faith is inspired in the human heart
by contemplation of the word of God and by the Holy Spirit. For this reason we
should read and heed the word of God and pray that God Himself ignite the lamp
of faith in our heart. The fear of God arises most often from contemplation of
the omnipresence of God and His omniscience. God is in essence everywhere
present; and wherever we may be, He is with us; and whatever we may do, say,
think, and undertake, we do, say, think, and undertake all before His holy
eyes. And He knows our deeds far better than we do ourselves. Think about this,
O Christian, and heed it, and with God's help the fear of God will be born in
you. The fear of God will guard you and correct you everywhere and in all
things, and will turn you away from every evil deed, and confirm you in every
good deed. Thus day by day you will become better.
Keep God, then, before your spiritual eyes and you
will have the fear of God, imitating the Psalmist, "I beheld the Lord
ever before me"(Ps. 15:8). But what you ought to do will be made clear
to you in subsequent points. Take heed, then, and endeavor to comply with it.
While standing in church attend diligently to the
reading and singing. This gives birth to compunction, true prayer, heartfelt
singing and thanksgiving. Avoid, then, standing bodily in church while
wandering outside the church in mind, and standing bodily before God while
wandering about in spirit in worldly affairs, lest that saying be applied to
you, "his people draweth nigh unto Me with their mouth, and honoureth
Me with their lips; but their heart is far from Me" (Mt. 15:8). While
standing bodily in church, then, stand with heart and spirit as you stand
before God. When you look upon the icons of the saints, call to mind that One
is the Creator that created them and you, and that His purpose was the same for
them as it is for you, that is, to save both them and you. They are glorified,
and before you lies the same glory, only imitate their lives and you shall be
Prayer consists not only in standing and bowing
before God in body, and in reading written prayers, but even without that it is
possible to pray in mind and spirit at all times and in everyplace. You can do
it while walking, sitting, reclining, among people, and in solitude. Raise up
your mind and heart to God, and so beg mercy and help from Him. For God is
everywhere and in every place, and the doors to Him are always open, and it is
easy to approach Him, not as with man. And we can approach Him with faith and
with our prayer everywhere and at all times, and in every need and
circumstance. We can say to Him mentally at any time, "Lord, have mercy,
Lord help!" and so on.
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