Ascending from our most simple obligations to our
highest, we rise to their apex - our obligations in relationship to God.
According to the clear, precise directions of the
Holy Scripture, our main obligation to God is to love Him. This commandment was
expressed in the Old Testament with the words, "Love the Lord your God
with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your
mind." In the New Testament, the Lord Jesus Christ said of this command,
"This is the first and greatest commandment."
To this commandment of God's law, our Savior bound
a second - love for neighbor. He said of this commandment that it is "like
unto the first," that is, love for neighbor is like love for God. The HolyChurch, being founded on the words of the Lord, has always set
forth the following order in the moral obligations of man: lowest of all are
the obligations to oneself. Therefore, love for oneself must be sacrificed in
the name of love for God and neighbor. Love for one's neighbor takes precedence
over love for oneself, but it is subject to the highest love - love for God
Whom we must love most of all.
There is a contemporary theory that great love for
God hinders one's love for neighbors. The proponents of this theory claim that
man must make the relationship with neighbors his primary concern. By this,
they claim, one fulfils one's obligation of love for God. People who advocate this
theory are usually set against the struggles of the anchorite life. From their
point of view, the anchorite's mode of life is a manifestation of egoism and
dislike for others. In their opinion, the anchorite is
a person who is occupied exclusively with himself and the salvation of his own
soul, and does not think about others at all.
No one will dispute the fact that in serving one's
neighbors, a Christian serves God. More than that, love for neighbor is the
proof of love for God, as the Beloved Apostle says, "He who says: 'I
love God, but hate my brother,' is a liar; for if one does not low one's
brother whom one sees, how can one love God Whom one does not see?" In
serving our neighbors, we serve God, for we fulfil his law of love.
Nevertheless, it is even more certain that our
love for God can never hinder our love for neighbors. God is love (1 Jn.8:16).
By loving God, we lift ourselves up to a higher spiritual atmosphere, an
atmosphere of love and a new "inspiration of life." The heart of an
Orthodox Christian is filled with such divine love and radiates it everywhere
and upon everyone. Thus, contrary to the novel opinion cited above, love for
God does not obstruct love for neighbors, but on the contrary, strengthens and
An excellent clarification of this bond between
love for God and neighbor is given by one of the great Orthodox strugglers,
Abba Dorotheos. He gave the illustration that mankind is like the rim of a
wheel. God is the hub, and each person is like a spoke. If we look at a wheel,
we notice that the closer the spokes come to the hub, the closer they come to
one another. But man can come close to God and neighbor only through love. It
is clear that if one loves God, one will inevitably love one's neighbors.
In the history of Orthodox asceticism, we
repeatedly see how strugglers, inflamed with love for God, left the world with
its temptations. They did this according to the instructions of the apostle of
love, John the Theologian, who said, "Do not love the world or the
things that are in the world. If any man loves the world, the love of the
Father is not in him" (I Jn. ). It is
wrong to think that the ascetics renounced their love for people in the world. Not at all. They themselves constantly pointed out that they
departed not from people, but from the sins available in the world, from the
temptations of a sinful, worldly life. They love their brethren in this world
incomparably more than those who have remained in this world and participated
in its sins. It should not be forgotten that the solitude of these strugglers
has always been filled with prayer - and Christian prayer is not merely about
oneself, but also about others. History records for us the following incident
in the life of St Pachomios the Great, a native of Alexandria. Once, while living in the desert, he learned that the
city of Alexandria was being ravaged by famine and epidemic. He spent several
days in tears, not even eating the meager ration of food which he allowed
himself His novices begged him to eat and restore his strength but St Pachomios
replied, "How can I eat when my brethren do not have bread?" How far
are even the best of us from such love and commiseration?
Such love for God is not only the summit of a
Christian's moral ascent, but it is also the basis of his spiritual existence.
Without love there cannot be any spiritual life, struggle, virtue.
The highest service of Christian love is the
pastor's service, and it can be fulfilled only by one who can love Christ. This
is the reason that our Savior Himself, in calling Apostle Peter to pastorship,
asked him, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me
more than these?" Orthodoxy is a religion of love. "By this
they will recognize you that you are My disciples, if
you have love amongst you." said the Lord. Here, His words are about
mutual Christian love of people for one another, and also about filial love,
and child-like devotion to Him Whom the Gospel constantly calls, "Our
Heavenly Father." Therefore, the basis of a truly Christian life is a
heart which believes in God and is devoted to Him in a child-like manner, and
penetrated by a sincere gravitation to Him, as to the loving and beloved